The first pan European Marine Litter Database (MLDB) has been developed by EMODnet Chemistry, following the advice of MSFD Technical Group on Marine Litter. The database contains data of beach and sea floor litter from a variety of sources, including existing International and Regional Sea Conventions, and data submitted by EU Member States, EMODnet partners and external research or monitoring projects. A majority of datasets has come from existing monitoring projects which have published their data in project specific databases (i.e., OSPAR, ICES DATRAS). These databases may hold more and differently formatted information than is provided here, so direct comparison with these sources is not always possible.
The MLDB is a great milestone in the harmonisation of the available information at European level. Data from very different sources have been gathered into the MLDB in common beach and seafloor formats developed in the framework of the project. The new formats, based on existing monitoring protocols and data reporting formats, allow to process heterogeneous datasets while keeping the main information and metadata.
The MLDB has been used by EU JRC to compute the:
In addition to the MLDB, EMODnet Chemistry holds data of floating micro-litter from EMODnet partners and external research projects. Floating micro-litter data are gathered in the system using a specific version of ODV format, where relevant characteristics are codified using common vocabularies.
The MLDB and floating micro-litter data are accessible via the Data Discovery and Access Service. The Service provides relevant metadata, including identifier, date and location of the survey, data originator and data holding center for all datasets. The data are available for downloading in the EMODnet Chemistry formats, depending on the specific sharing policy (public, restricted, moratorium...) applied by the originator.
Marine Litter Visualization Products are available through the Map Viewer. The first release of the products include maps showing beach and seafloor surveys locations and summarized metrics of the MLDB content. Beach litter maps include temporal coverage of surveys, beach litter distribution (mean abundance per year) and beach litter composition (litter material categories in percentages). Seafloor litter maps show information about the fishing gear used, litter distribution along trawls (density as items/km2) and litter composition (material categories in percentages). Maps illustrating the distribution of relevant litter types are available for both beach litter (cigarette related items, fishing related items and plastic bags) and sea floor (fishing related items and plastic bags).
In addition, the aggregated collections of unrestricted data for beach and seafloor litter are accessible through the Catalogue Service where users can also retrieve the full set of metadata, originators and distributors.
The products may be freely used for non-commercial and educational purposes. However, data in the maps have been homogenised and filtered in order to allow comparisons among countries. Thus, EMODnet Marine Litter Visualization Products might not be comparable with source data accessible through other platforms.
EMODnet Chemistry is not responsible for the use of the data and products by third-parties. Users are requested to ensure proper acknowledgement of the EMODnet Chemistry project and the data originators.
More information about the methods used for creating the visualization products can be found in the user manual about visualization products.
The EMODnet Chemistry consortium is performing the marine litter data collection in collaboration with EU relevant stakeholders like: Joint Research Centre, Regional Sea Conventions, EU Member States, ICES.
Data management tools
OGS and the other National Oceanographic Data Centres collect and format the available marine litter information to populate the EU marine litter database. This is done thanks to a set of data management tools accessible through the submenu on the left. These tools are used to format (syntactic and semantic point of view) and validate marine litter data collected by the EMODnet Chemistry consortium.
- Marine Litter Manager generates EMODnet beach and seafloor litter data formats;
- Beach Litter Format Validator allows users to check correctness and approve EMODnet beach litter data files;
- Seafloor Litter Format Validator allows users to check correctness and approve EMODnet seafloor litter data files;
- Beach litter vocabularies lists all terms used to describe beach litter data in EMODnet format;
- Beaches map allows users to visualize where the beaches included in the EMODnet database are located;
- ICES vocabularies includes all terms used to describes seafloor litter data in EMODnet format;
- SeaDataNet Common vocabularies includes all terms used to describe micro litter data in EMODnet format.
How to submit marine litter data?
The Marine litter data-flow is a intuitive and concise scheme to explain, step by step, how to obtain and share HQ marine litter data using fit-for-purpose guidelines, tools and softwares. In particular, these one-page guidelines include information on how to format, validate and submit beach litter data, seafloor litter data and floating micro litter data.